Page content Overview In the school year, over 2 million students attended publicly funded elementary and secondary schools in Ontario.
This is Right to education hurdles in implementation, among others, by the fact that Zambia is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. Zambia has a permanent Human Rights Commission that includes a subcommittee on child rights whose focus is on child abuse and education.
Zambia also has a National Child Policy and National Youth Policy whose main objectives are to holistically address problems affecting children and youth. This paper focuses on the progress and challenges currently facing Zambia and the role of open and distance learning in addressing those challenges.
This is evidenced, among others, by the fact that it is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. The country has a permanent Human Rights Commission, which has a subcommittee on child rights, and whose main concerns focus on child abuse and education.
In this context, the Zambian Government recognizes education as a basic human right that is vital for personal and societal development, in general, and for achieving the Education for All targets and the Millennium Development Goals, in particular.
The National Policy on Education: The implementation of the right to education necessarily requires a firm policy framework. Accordingly, various strategies and institutional structures have been developed to ensure that access to, and participation and benefit in, the education system is available to all.
This article describes and analyzes policies that promote provision of schooling at sustainable levels of quality and gender balance for children and young people up to 18 years in accordance with the convention on the Rights of Children.
It discusses achievements and challenges in educational provision, in general, and in the use of open and distance learning in particular. It ends with an assessment of the future role of open and distance learning in increasing access to education and improving quality within the context of socio-economic development policies, and as a means of implementing the right to education in Zambia.
Policy Context The National Policy on Education, Educating Our Future, which sets the principles for the development of education in Zambia, states that education in Zambia is intended to serve individual, social, and economic well-being, and to enhance the quality of life for all Ministry of Education, Noting that the long standing goal of education in Zambia has been that every child who enters school in Grade 1, should be able to complete Grade 9, the national policy on education proposes structural changes in the formal school system that aim to upgrade every primary school to complete basic school status and to offer the full range of basic education from Grade 1 to Grade 9 primary and junior secondary cycle.
The targets which the Ministry of Education has set for achieving universal primary education were percent of year-olds to be in Grades ; 50 percent of Grade 7 pupils 14 year-olds to progress to Grade 8 by ; and percent of year-olds to be in Grades by The policy also provides for the expansion of high school education, and pays special attention to establishing additional facilities for girls Ministry of Education, One of the strategies in the National Policy on Education is to integrate the provision of continuing and distance education into the mainstream of the Ministry of Education planning processes.
One of the proposed strategies for bringing about this increase is providing initial teacher preparation through distance education programmes Ministry of Education, The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper — provided for the expansion of educational provision at all levels of the Zambian education system.
One of its strategies was to promote and integrate the use of Information and Communication Technologies ICT at all levels and in all modes of the education delivery systems. It emphasizes the need to use distance learning strategies and other modes of delivery, such as ICT, to increase access for out-of-school youths and adults, and for improving quality and increasing access to high school education.
In addition, the policy of free education was introduced in Ministry of Education, Largely as a result of these measures educational provision, particularly at basic education level, has improved markedly during the last five years, as evidenced by the following see Government of Zambia,Ministry of Education, a.
Enrolments in Grades and Grades have increased at an average of 9 percent annually since At the primary school level, lower and middle basic Gradesthe net enrolment ratio was The net enrolment ratio for Grades was Inthe net enrolment ratio at this level was In completion rates for Grade 7 increased by For Grades primary the national completion rate was In the same year the national completion rate for Grade 9 was Drop out rates have declined over the years.
At the basic education level, the drop out rate went down from 4.
At the high school level, it remained at the same level, approximately 2 percent, from to The retention rates have been fluctuating for Grade 5, but in general have been above 70 percent.
Incompletion rates for Grade 7 increased by In the same year, the national completion rate for Grade 9 was Nonetheless, despite the above improvements, the effects of the past inadequacy of educational provision, due to the negative effect of the economic decline of the s and s, are still evident: An estimated 22 percent of the population has had no formal education.
Of the total population, only 25 percent have completed lower primary, 27 percent upper primary, 13 percent junior secondary, and 11 percent senior secondary. Twenty-four percent of females never had any formal education, compared to 20 percent for males.
More males attained secondary school level or above than the females Government of Zambia, b. Against this background, the Government of Zambia has to address some challenges in order to ensure that the right to education is fully implemented.
For education leaders, creating actionable intelligence from data is a new skill. In this 4th industrial revolution, the ability to make better decisions, faster decisions against a backdrop of. Implementation Of Right To Education Act Education Essay. the Act is meant to operationalize the 86th Amendment which made education a fundamental right, a justiciable right. though the intent of the law is noble but there are a lot of hurdles in its implementation and government would need private interventions along with constant. The Right to Education Act brought in its wake a new hope for universalization of education in the country. The children of the underprivileged section of the society who were deprived of this basic right can now demand it as their fundamental right.
Issues and Challenges Zambia has a bottom-heavy demographic structure, in which an estimated Inyoung people aged 25 years and less accounted for 68 percent of the estimated total population of February – The Role of Open and Distance Learning in the Implementation of the Right to Education in Zambia.
Richard Siaciwena and Foster Lubinda, Zambia. Abstract. Implementation Of Right To Education Act Education Essay. the Act is meant to operationalize the 86th Amendment which made education a fundamental right, a justiciable right.
though the intent of the law is noble but there are a lot of hurdles in its implementation and government would need private interventions along with constant. Education is not a privilege. It is a human pfmlures.comion as a human right means:the right to education is legally guaranteed for all without any discriminationstates have the obligation to protect, respect, and fulfil the right to educationthere are ways to hold states accountable for violations or deprivations of the right to education.
DIPLOMA IN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION (pfmlures.com) Course Elementary Education in India: A Socio-Cultural Perspective Block -2 Elementary Education in India in. Call it , square feet of opportunities.
That is how Loudoun County Public School officials describe the Academies of Loudoun (AOL), which is under construction and scheduled to . Right to Education Act: Perceived Hurdles and providing DOI: / pfmlures.com 51 | Page Education, in the Indian constitution, is a concurrent issue and both centre and states can legislate on the issue.