Hundreds of thousands of immigrants flock to this country every year. Some legally, others illegally. Some are escaping from religious and political oppression while others come to seek out the "American Dream". Either way they are causing nationwide problems.
We hear that there are no jobs available, and that the few libraries that do advertise new openings are inundated with applications.
Perhaps less publicly, we also hear administrators express concerns about a lack of good candidates for important positions, and we notice some jobs being advertised for months or being re-posted, sometimes more than once. It may also be worth noting that, although U. Because we do not yet have access to reliable, real-time data, we are left with imperfect, occasionally confusing information.
No one knows the actual employment rate among librarians or how satisfied librarians are with their jobs. Nor do we know how satisfied administrators are with the librarians they employ or the applicant pools for positions they hope to fill.
Should library schools admit fewer students? Is the admissions process sufficiently selective? Are library school curricula and graduation requirements too similar or too distinct? Are they providing their students with the skills they need in order to get hired and do useful work?
Should there be licensing exams for librarians? What data would we need to collect in order to come up with useful answers to these questions? I hope this essay makes a contribution to that discussion. That will have to wait for the second part of this essay. The rest of part one is devoted to the story of that data.
The Librarian Job Market: Projections According to the latest data from the Department of Labor and the Bureau of Labor Statistics BLSthere werelibrarians and in there will be , a projected growth rate of 7.
The anticipated number of job openings due to growth and replacement needs is 54, with 12, openings attributable to new jobs being created and 42, due to attrition. Who will be hired to fill those positions? What qualifications will they be expected to possess? If library schools were to continue conferring 5, degrees per academic year, which is the average number of MLS and MLIS degrees they awarded from throughthere would be roughly as many new librarians as new jobs for librarians.
The number of degrees conferred increased every year between and That not only makes the job market especially competitive for recent graduates, it also means, if the number 54, was correct, that library schools should aim to graduate roughly 40, for the eight years remaining in the BLS ten-year projection, an average of 5, for the academic years through There are several problems with the information presented so far in this essay.
Before continuing, it seems worth discussing three primary issues. When they produce more librarians than are needed, library schools make libraries happy by vetting, and providing initial training for, a more highly skilled, cheaper work force.
The key for library schools is to avoid granting so many degrees that the entry-level market for librarians becomes significantly more competitive than comparable job markets.
If a disproportionate number of potential applicants perceive librarianship as offering worse prospects than comparable alternatives, then it becomes increasingly likely that the overall number of library school applicants will decrease and that library schools will have to compete with each other more aggressively for the most highly qualified applicants.
Although library school students are already graduating into a difficult job market, it seems at this point to be no worse than the job market facing law school graduates.
While the salary potential for the most highly qualified new librarians is nowhere close to the salary potential for the most highly qualified new lawyers, the risk is nowhere near as great in terms of the amount of debt encumbered by the average student or the time commitment required to complete school.
On a risk-adjusted basis, it is entirely possible that library school is a safer decision. Economic projections are notoriously difficult Projecting what will happen tomorrow is incredibly difficult, let alone what will happen next year or over the next decade. But selecting as the initial year for a projection may have been especially inauspicious given what happened that year: Projections are worthwhile in that they help to provide some direction, and there is no reason to believe the Department of Labor projections were based on anything but the best available information.
But, as librarians well know, sometimes the best available information will only get you so far. However, no one at ALA officially knows how many students graduate each year from the programs it accredits. The ALISE reports, which are compiled from questionnaires submitted annually by each accredited program, provide a great deal of data and analysis.
Fair use seems sufficient for me to share the data I most care about—the number of graduates from each of the accredited library programs for each of the past ten years—but there is no reason to assume most readers would be able to verify any claims I make about the data.
It appears to be inaccurate. The individual number of graduates for each accredited program, when summed, does not equal the number given as the overall total for reports covering the off by 8off by 13off by 19or academic years off by 9.United States Puerto Ricans are US citizens, vote for their own local government, serve in the US military, do not pay federal income taxes, but do pay federal social security and Medicare taxes.
Health Care in the United States: An Evolving System. Thomas P. Conklin The changes are many and represent the major shifts involved in moving from an indemnity plan, based primarily on what the patient wanted, to a managed care system.
A review of the health care systems of five different countries suggests that the United States. The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in This paper provides an overview of the impacts of moving and the way in which the move fundamentally changed the teenager's personal perspective.
This paper relates the child's move from a big city to a rural community during high school and the way in which this move changed the student's perspective.
Outside of the United States & Canada. In the United States, millions of jobs are offered to anyone. Those from other countries believe that moving to America, will in return, provide them with a job. Next on the list of reasons would be survival. The tools you need to write a quality essay or term paper; Saved Essays.
You Have Not Saved Any Essays. Topics in this paper my parents informed me that we won green cards to the United States in an international lottery. if you really want to. As a child moving to America, and being around completely different peers I living two lives /5(15).