Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome essay

About 1, people who visited the park from mid-June to mid-August received scary emails or letters from the National Park Service. The emails and letters warn park visitors they may have been exposed to mice carrying hantavirus -- and to look out for signs that they might have deadly hantavirus disease. In the early s, there was an outbreak of a mysterious and deadly disease in the Four Corners area of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome essay

Walter Reed The evolutionary origins of yellow fever most likely lie in Africa, with transmission of the disease from nonhuman primates to humans.

As it was endemic in Africa, the natives had developed some immunity to it. When an outbreak of yellow fever would occur in an African village where colonists resided, most Europeans died, while the native population usually suffered nonlethal symptoms resembling influenza.

The first definitive outbreak Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome essay yellow fever in the New World was in on the island of Barbados. InBrazil suffered its first epidemic, in Recife.

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome essay

The first mention of the disease by the name "yellow fever" occurred in Sugar curing house, Sugar pots and jars on sugar plantations served as breeding place for larvae of A.

Although yellow fever is most prevalent in tropical-like climates, the northern United States were not exempted from the fever. The first outbreak in English-speaking North America occurred in New York City inand a serious one afflicted Philadelphia in The southern city of New Orleans was plagued with major epidemics during the 19th century, most notably in and Its residents called the disease "yellow jack".

At least 25 major outbreaks took place in the Americas during the 18th and 19th centuries, including particularly serious ones in Cartagena, Chilein ; Cuba in and ; Santo Domingo in ; and Memphis, Tennessee in Gibraltar lost many to outbreaks in, and Urban epidemics Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome essay in the United States untilwith the last outbreak affecting New Orleans.

The mortality rate in British garrisons in Jamaica was seven times that of garrisons in Canada, mostly because of yellow fever and other tropical diseases such as malaria. Wanting to regain control of the lucrative sugar trade in Saint-Domingue Hispaniolaand with an eye on regaining France's New World empire, Napoleon sent an army under the command of his brother-in-law General Charles Leclerc to Saint-Domingue to seize control after a slave revolt.

McNeill asserts that yellow fever accounted for about 35, to 45, casualties of these forces during the fighting. InHaiti proclaimed its independence as the second republic in the Western Hemisphere. Yellow fever epidemic of can still be found in New Orleans' cemeteries. The national government fled the city, including President George Washington.

They caused some ,—, deaths in total. A local doctor concluded that some unspecified infectious agent had arrived in a package from New Orleans.

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Matthew's German Evangelical Lutheran Church in Charleston, South Carolinasuffered yellow fever deaths, reducing the congregation by half.

InShreveport, Louisiana lost citizens in an day period to a Yellow fever epidemic, with over additional victims eventually succumbing. The total death toll from August through November was approximately 1, [84][85] Inabout 20, people died in a widespread epidemic in the Mississippi River Valley.

The result was a huge epidemic of yellow fever. Porter took people fleeing Memphis northward in hopes of escaping the disease, but passengers were not allowed to disembark due to concerns of spreading yellow fever. The ship roamed the Mississippi River for the next two months before unloading her passengers.

The planets were in the same line as the sun and earth and this produced, besides CyclonesEarthquakesetc. Mars had an uncommonly dense atmosphere, but its inhabitants were probably protected from the fever by their newly discovered canalswhich were perhaps made to absorb carbon and prevent the disease.

Nott suggested that yellow fever was spread by insects such as moths or mosquitoes, basing his ideas on the pattern of transmission of the disease. Yellow fever was the first virus shown to be transmitted by mosquitoes. The physician William Gorgas applied these insights and eradicated yellow fever from Havana.

He also campaigned against yellow fever during the construction of the Panama Canal. A previous effort of canal building by the French had failed in part due to mortality from the high incidence of yellow fever and malaria, which killed many workers.

Walter Reed has received much of the credit in United States history books for "beating" yellow fever, he had fully credited Dr.

Finlay with the discovery of the yellow fever vector, and how it might be controlled. Reed often cited Finlay's papers in his own articles, and also credited him for the discovery in his personal correspondence.

Scientists, including Finlay and Reed, became successful by building on the work of less prominent scientists, without always giving them the credit they were due. He is also credited for using the first type of medical consent form during his experiments in Cuba, an attempt to ensure that participants knew they were taking a risk by being part of testing.

Beginning inthe campaign led by Oswaldo Cruzthen director general of public health, not only resulted in eradicating the disease, but also reshaped the physical landscape of Brazilian cities, such as Rio de Janeiro, as well.

During rainy seasons, Rio de Janeiro had regularly suffered floods, as water from the bay surrounding the city overflowed into Rio's narrow streets.

Coupled with the poor drainage systems found throughout Rio, this created swampy conditions in the city's neighborhoods.Everything on Medicowesome searchable in one page - The contents page!

Jul 17,  · General information on how to attract nesting bluebirds, including distinguishing nests and eggs of other cavity nesters, heat, dealing with house sparrows, data on bluebird trail.

Free deer papers, essays, and research papers. An Inside Look at the White-Tailed Deer - In the early s, there were only , white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, in the United States (Insurance Institute for Highway and Safety, ). We will write a custom essay sample on Hantavirus specifically for you for only $ $/page.

Order now This was later on discovered and named as the Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) or the Human Acute Respiratory Disease Syndrome (ARDS).

The virus was first detected in the Four Corners area of the United States that resulted . Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Essay Sample.

Since more than a decade, an infectious disease has threatened and caused deaths to hundreds of lives in United States alone that poses severe potentials of progressing rapidly while beginning from usual influenza symptoms and resulting in mortality. Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.

In most cases, symptoms include fever, chills, loss of appetite, nausea, muscle pains particularly in the back, and headaches. Symptoms typically improve within five days.

In about 15% of people, within a day of improving the fever comes back, abdominal pain occurs, and liver damage begins causing yellow skin.

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